Pakistan is strong in natural beauty, spectacular views, mountains, rivers, breathtaking desserts, and natural resources. Pakistan has beautiful places to visit, specifically when it comes to Dams in Pakistan. Being an agricultural country, Pakistan needs an extensive resource of water.
How Many DAMS in Pakistan?
There are 150 total dams in Pakistan. These Dams provide water and electricity and beautiful picnic spots for the local people. The main purpose of dam construction is to control floods, water storage, generate hydropower electricity, and benefit the local people. These dams are mostly built on streams and rivers. Most of the Dams in Pakistan are located in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
In this article, we are going to provide you the basic general knowledge about dams in Pakistan. Below we have mentioned a list of Famous dams in Pakistan.
First and leading in Famous Dams of Pakistan is the Tarbela Dam. It is not the only largest dam in Pakistan, but the largest earth-filled dam on the earth. The dam is situated on the Indus River, the second-largest in structural volume after the Three Gorges Dam in Hubei Province, China. Moreover, it was started in 1968 and was completed in 1976 at the cost of $1,497 million. Furthermore, it is 143.26 meters or 470ft in height and 2,743.2 meters or 9,000 ft. in length. Additionally, the total capacity of the dam is 13.69 cubic km, spread over the construction area of 168,000 Km².
Rawal Dam, one of the major dams in Pakistan, is located in Islamabad. The dam was built to provide water supply to the twin cities of Pakistan. The construction of the dam started in 1962. The dam has a water capacity of around 42,000 acre-feet.
Apart from being a water storage facility, Rawal Dam is also one of Islamabad’s most famous tourist points. People come here for recreational activities such as horseback riding, boating, fishing, and vice versa. It is also a perfect family picnic spot. For more picnic spots, visit famous hill stations in Pakistan if you get awed by the beauty of hill stations.
Diamer Bhasha DAM
Most of the significant part of this dam is located in the Kohistan District, K.P.K., and a small portion is located in the Diamer, Gilgit Baltistan. It is considering new dams in Pakistan
Currently, this is amongst the dams under construction in Pakistan, and after its completion, it is anticipated to be the world’s highest dam. The dam is being constructed on the River Indus. With its 12 turbines, the dam will have the ability to produce 4800 Megawatts of electricity. Moreover, with an area of 110 square kilometers, it has a water storage capacity of around 8 M.A.F.
Mangla Dam is one of the largest dams of Pakistan. Mangla Dam is a water reservoir and an essential player of the international treaty between Pakistan and India, the Indus Waters Basement Treaty. The dam was constructed on the River Jhelum and got its name from the nearby village called ‘Mangla’.
Its construction was started in 1961 and was completed in 1965 and can be one of the oldest dams of Pakistan. At the time of construction, Mangla Dam was considered to be the fifth-largest dam of the world. Currently, it is the 12th largest dam in the world. With a length of 3140 meters and a height of 147 meters, the Mangla reservoir can store 7.39 million acre-feet (M.A.F.) water.
Small Dam is located in Naryab, Tehsil Thal. Hangu District of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. It is one of a number of small water reservoirs constructed in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa to provide water for irrigation and drinking in times of drought. There is no other dam within 55 km². This is one of the smallest dams of Pakistan. Mussadiq Khan Bangash designed this dam
Situated on the border between Sindh and Balochistan, the Hub Dam is a reservoir on the Hub River, one of the primary sources of drinking water for Karachi. Built over nearly 20 years, from 1963 to 1981, the dam’s region is a declared wildlife sanctuary where pelicans, ducks, cranes, and other migratory birds can be seen in their natural habitat. The Hub Dam remains a major tourist spot for the people of Karachi, boasting a rest house owned by WAPDA and various opportunities to enjoy swimming, fishing, and overnight camping.